Know About Ocular Melanoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Ocular melanoma is a very rare type of cancer that affects the eyes. This type of melanoma is not as common as skin melanoma, but it can develop in the colored part of the eye, the iris, or the tissues behind it.

Due to its rarity, not many people know about this type of cancer. However, educating ourselves about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options is essential to recognize it better and seek treatment promptly.

Causes of Eye Melanoma

The exact causes of melanoma of the eyes are not fully known. However, studies show that it may develop from abnormal changes in the DNA of the eye cells. Certain reasons may increase the risk of developing it, such as having light-colored eyes, a family history of the disease, and exposure to UV radiation.

Let’s dive deep to understand the known causes that experts and ocularists often warn about.

  • Not wearing sunglasses with a UV protection layer and going out in the sun is one of the major causes of developing melanoma in the eyes.
  • Using tanning beds can also lead to the development of this type of cancer.
  • People of Caucasian descent are more likely to develop it.
  • According to the statistics, people usually suffer from this condition in old age.
  • Those who have light-colored eyes are more likely to develop it.
  • Inherited skin conditions like dysplastic nevus syndrome can also cause melanoma.

Symptoms of Eye Melanoma

In the early stages, ocular Melanoma may not show any visible symptoms. However, as cancer progresses, symptoms may start to appear. Some of the signs to make a note of are:

  • A dark spot on the iris.
  • Blurred or distorted vision.
  • A sudden loss of vision.
  • Sensation of flashes of light.
  • Redness or swelling in the eye.
  • An increase in the size of the pupil.

If you experience any of these symptoms, seeking medical attention is crucial. The spread can be controlled at certain stages, and your vision can be preserved.

Not being able to see or having an abnormality in one or both eyes is one of the most devastating conditions. You will be thankful to the people around you, including your ocularist, because getting adequate care and a correct diagnosis is crucial.

Treatment Options for Melanoma in the Eyes

The treatment for ocular melanoma varies depending on the disease stage and the tumor’s size and location. A few of the standard treatment options include:

  • Radiation therapy: It involves using high-energy rays to destroy the cancer cells.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the tumor from the eye.
  • Laser therapy: It involves using a special laser to destroy the cancer cells.

Coping with Eye Melanoma

Coping with a cancer diagnosis can be a challenge. However, many resources are available to help manage your physical and emotional health. It’s crucial to speak with your doctor about your treatment options and to seek support from loved ones, support groups, and counseling services.

Remember, it is essential to take care of your mental health just as much as your physical health during this time. Coping with a life-threatening health condition like this can be quite difficult. We often start questioning our actions and lifestyle, but moving on from all this is crucial.

A lot of support groups can help you through this difficult time. While addressing the ailment with proper treatment, you need support and encouragement to deal with the symptoms and common treatment reactions.

Prevention and Early Detection

There is no sure-fire method to prevent melanoma in the eyes altogether. A lot of times, this disease is purely hereditary, sometimes running in families for generations. In this case, you can’t just change your lifestyle and get rid of the disease.

However, certain precautions can be taken to reduce the risk, especially when someone in your family suffers from this type of melanoma. A few of the precautions are enlisted below:

  • Wearing protective eyewear when exposed to UV radiation.
  • Getting regular check-ups from an eye care professional.
  • Knowing your family’s medical history.

Early detection is always the key to improving your chances of successful treatment. Regular eye exams are essential for detecting any signs of melanoma.


Ocular melanoma is a rare type of cancer. However, knowing its causes, symptoms, and treatment options can help in early detection, diagnosis, and treatment. Remember to get regular eye exams, protect your eyes from UV radiation, and seek medical attention immediately if you notice any unusual changes in your eyesight.

If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with eye melanoma, remember to seek support and care for your physical and emotional well-being. You can overcome this diagnosis and regain your health with early detection, the right treatment, and lots of love and support.